Charlestown, Nevis
Telephone 469-3444
Training Workshop
On July 31st to August 4th, 2006 personnel of the Search and Rescue Services Department attended a Basic Search and Rescue Training Workshop conducted by
Mark Eggeman, Virginia State SAR Coordinator, and Kristine Mackie, SAR Incident Commander, of Sequor International.

The course consisted of ten (10) Overviews:
Unit 1    Introductions/course objectives
Unit 2    Organization of Response
Unit 3    Safety
Unit 4    Mapping/Nav/GPS
Unit 5    START and DMO
Unit 6    Assessment of Structural Damage
Unit 7    Search Operations/Building Markings
Unit 8    Tools/Equipment/Accessories
Unit 9    Rescue Operations
Unt 10   Critical Incident Stress
St. Kitts & Nevis Land Search & Rescue (LSAR) Mechanism

A LSAR Mechanism has being established for St. Kitts - Nevis, in keeping with the Caribbean Disaster Emergency Response Agency's (CDERA) goal to enhance the
national capacity to address Land Search and Rescue issues. The mechanism will be in keeping with CDERA suggested guidelines and Model.  This mechanism is to
be endorsed by the Federal Government though NEMA and the Ministry of National Security, along with the participating agencies that would make up the National
LSAR Team. The LSAR mechanism will establish a process and structure for the systematic, coordinated, effective delivery of a response to terrestrial SAR events at
the national level.  Such hazards as floods, tornadoes, fires, hurricanes, earthquakes and man made disasters such as terrorist attacks, will require a highly skilled
group of people to render efficient and effective professional Search and Rescue assistance.

The Objectives of the LSAR Mechanism are to:
1. Coordinate and mobilize a national response in a timely manner, requiring SAR operation.
2. To improve local capacity through training, to address terrestrial events requiring a SAR response.
3. Develop a policy, and Standard Operating Procedures, that will serve as a guideline for team members
and for the management of operations.

Potential team members have been selected from disciplined forces as there would be no impediment to an emergency response, as it becomes part of their duties.
They include Fire and Rescue Services, which is recognized as the lead agency, the Police Force, Defence Force and EMS Department. Other agencies (e.g. NGO’s
such as the Red Cross) will be part of the team development as support groups. There will be four (4) teams of six (6) persons per team.  Each team will have a Field
Team Leader with the LSAR Team Leader being the overall leader.  The Search and Rescue Team would be supported by a Medical Response Team, (MRT)
consisting of four (4) or five (5) people.  The MRT leader position is to be filled by a qualified Medical Doctor.  The teams would be supported by a staff, consisting
of Logistics Officer, Transportation Officer, Communication Officer, Safety and Staging Officer. It will be necessary to have a Medical Response Team (MRT) to
provide medical attention to team members if necessary and to victims.

St. Kitts - Nevis has received equipment to outfit the four (4), six (6) person’s teams. Three (3) teams will be based on St. Kitts and one (1) on Nevis, and will cover
the following areas: St. Kitts - Team Alpha, Bravo, Charlie and Nevis - Delta. If necessary, additional support will be deployed to assist the team on Nevis.


Rommel Williams - SAR Team Leader & Ag. Fire Sub-Station Officer
Timothy Martin - Deputy SAR Team Leader / Fire Officer
Catherine Joseph - SAR Squad Leader & Fire Officer / EMT
Errol Sommersall - EMT / Orderly (Alexandra Hospital)
Caringdalle Hodge - Fire Officer (Vance W. Amory Airport)
Kingsley Francis - Police Constable (Charlestown Station)
Dr. Rohan - Doctor (Alexandra Hospital)
Programme Background

The Caribbean region is renowned as a high-risk environment with a diverse set of hazards to which it is susceptible. The frequency of impacts from severe weather
systems has forced countries to develop contingency arrangements within their respective jurisdictions to enhance survivability and to protect very fragile economic
bases from this particular hazard. However over time as access and telecommunications has advanced, the region has become more exposed to potential
technological and complex type hazards that have the ability to cause severe losses if they are not mitigated against.

It has been demonstrated in the region that there is a need to develop contingency search and rescue arrangements to deal with situations that can and have arisen
from incidences of aircraft crashes, earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, large fires, oil spills and HAZMAT incidents. Given our economic realities and resource base
limitations there is a need to articulate a clear policy and programme for planning for, mitigating against, responding to and recovering from situations that give rise to
search and rescue events.

The CDERA integrated Search & Rescue (SAR) Programme is designed to provide a coordinated interagency mechanism to manage and administer both marine and
land based SAR activities and to ensure effective use of all resources within the region.

The objective of this project is to strengthen the land-based search and rescue capability of CDERA to respond to natural disasters in sixteen countries and territories
(Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, the Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, British Virgin Islands, Dominica, Grenada, Guyana, Jamaica, Montserrat, St. Christopher and Nevis,
St. Lucia, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, Trinidad and Tobago, Turks and Caicos Islands) in the Caribbean region where hurricane, flood, earthquake and volcano
eruption cause serious hazard. Activities include creating the infrastructure for Search and Rescue through training of rescue teams, enhancing warehousing capacity
in response to natural disaster, and strengthening CDERA to effectively lead and coordinate Search and Rescue operation.

This project is designed to meet the dire need for an enhanced capacity for land-based Search and Rescue. Whilst the region possesses the capacity for hurricane
response, the capacity for response to seismic hazards is quite low in spite of the fact that more than 75% of the CDERA Participating States are at risk to these
hazards. Hence, little, if any attention has been given to the response needs for such hazards namely Land-Based Search and Rescue. The immediacy of response
required for seismic hazards demonstrates the critical need for such an intervention.

This project will therefore seek to address this need by creating an infrastructure for Search and Rescue through training of teams at the national level, the provision
of specialized equipment and materials and the enhancement of the capacity of CDERA, to lead and coordinate Search and Rescue emergencies.

There are three (3) Immediate Objectives of the Project:
1. To develop a Search and Rescue capability at the national level.
2. To enhance the CDERA regional warehousing programme as an input to Search and Rescue operations.
3. To strengthen CDERA to effectively lead and coordinate Search and Rescue humanitarian assistance and information programmes in keeping with its mandate.

1. To develop a Search and Rescue capability at the national level.
o Assessment of Search and Rescue equipment and materials needs
o Assessment of emergency power needs.
o Provision of Search and Rescue equipment, materials, vehicles and portable generators.
o Provision of telecommunications equipment.
o Development of National Search and Rescue Inventory database of materials, equipment and personnel.

2. To enhance the Regional Warehousing Programme to support Search and Rescue initiatives.
o Assessment of warehousing capacity and enhancement needs in 4 Sub-Regional Focal Points and 5 other CDERA Participating States.
o Procurement of materials and repair of warehousing facilities in 9 countries

3. To strengthen capability of CDERA to effectively lead and coordinate Search and Rescue related emergencies in the region.
o Hiring a team of project staff for capacity building at CDERA Coordinating Unit
o Review and updating of Regional Response Plan to incorporate Search and Rescue.
o Establishment of Regional Consultative Group on Warehousing.
o Organizing a regional Search and Rescue review meeting.
o Establishment of Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) with regional and
non-regional organizations for quick access to Search and Rescue support.
o Undertaking review of relief policies at the national level.
o Development of Search and Rescue database system at the regional level.
o Establishment of full-time on-line support to sustain the regional database.

4. Training
o Development of Search and Rescue training Course Materials through a series
of consultations with colleges, universities, training institutions and organizations
o Organization and delivery of regional Search and Rescue training of trainers
o Certification of regional Search and Rescue Trainers
o Identification of training requirements at the national level, Reproduction of training
materials, organization and delivery of training in the following areas:
o Use of telecommunications equipment
o Operation of Search and Rescue equipment
o Warehouse Operations and Management
o Use and maintenance of Search and Rescue Inventory Database

5. Public awareness to the programme
o Implementation of indeterminate community workshop
o Performing National Search and Rescue Drills
o Advertisement through mass media

LSAR Overview
The region's capacity for managing land based search and rescue operations came in sharp focus following the volcanic eruption in Montserrat in June 25, 1997
when 19 persons were killed and a number of others were trapped after being cut off from evacuation routes out of the exclusion zone.
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Photos of the SAR training in St. Kitts in Feb 2007
Fire & Rescue Volunteers from Nevis with Fire Chief, Hester Rawlins
and FSSO, Clarence Hendrickson
Squad leaders: Ervin Weekes (4th from right) & Earl Lawrence (2nd from right)

Squad Leaders: Ervin Weekes
& Earl Lawrence
Colin Brazier
Alanszo David
Andye Jones
Duane David
James Haynes
Kingsley Liburd
Cyprian Miller
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